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Heraklion

Crete

ABOUT Heraklion , Crete

Heraklion  is the largest city and the administrative capital of the island of Crete, Greece. Full of life, giving you a wide range of delights. A city generous and authentic, the “edge” of yesterday and today

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History

In 3,000 years of its existence, Heraklion boasts a checkered history. When first inhabited the low hill, which today is the center of Heraklion, it is not known with chronological accuracy. Besides, in antiquity the main urban center was Knossos. As for the name Heraklion, it probably comes from the Ideon Hercules, the mythical father of the Olympic Games.


The history of Heraklion can be divided into the following periods:

  • Minoan Heraklion, the first settlement is created with the name Heraklion (9th century BC)
  • Byzantine Heraklion or Kastro
  • Arab Iraklio or Candia
  • Grand Castle, 2nd Byzantine period
  • Venetian Iraklion or Candia
  • Turkish Heraklion
  • Heraklion in early 1900
  • Heraklion on the 2nd World War

Sightseeings

Of course one should not omit the city’s museums, which are among the most remarkable in the country. The Archaeological Museum houses all the Minoadownload (3)n treasures from the Minoan palaces and other holy places of the Minoans excavated. The Historical Museum exhibits recount the long history of the island.
The other important museum is the Natural History Museum, housed in a historic industrial building on the promenade of the city. Just outside town are two of the main attractions. The palace of Knossos is one of the most popular archaeological sites in Greece and gives you the unique ability to understand the organization of the life of the Minoans. Also located in Gournes Cretaquarium, in aquariums where you can see up close the marine fauna and flora of Crete and rare species such as Caretta-Caretta.

Food & Nightlife

Today Hraklion, it’s a tourist hot-spot with the best nightlife on the island. There are many shops where you can enjoy your coffee or your drink. Also a healthy Cretan diet and international cuisine is perfectly married to the secular ranks with stylish restaurants. In Heraklion created many restaurants and taverns, the city within the walls, and regionally, a sign that the Irakliotis knows and wants to eat well.

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